15 August Drawing of Chandra Shekhar Azad with history

Chandra Shekhar Azad During that Period India’s struggle for independence was a long and arduous journey, marked by the sacrifices of numerous brave souls who fought fearlessly against British colonial rule. One such unsung hero was Chandra Shekhar Azad, whose indomitable spirit and unwavering determination made him an iconic figure in the history of India’s freedom movement. In this article, we will delve into the life and legacy of Chandra Shekhar Azad, shedding light on his contributions, ideologies, and the impact he had on shaping India’s destiny.

Early Life and Revolutionary Beginnings

Born on July 23, 1906, in Bhavra, Madhya Pradesh, Chandra Shekhar Azad was named Chandrashekhar Tiwari by his parents. Since his childhood, he exhibited exceptional intelligence and a strong sense of justice. His father, Pandit Sitaram Tiwari, ensured he received a good education, which played a crucial role in shaping Azad’s worldview.

Embracing the Call for Freedom

As a young man, Chandra Shekhar Azad was deeply influenced by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the teachings of prominent freedom fighters like Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal. The Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi also had a profound impact on him, further igniting his passion for India’s liberation.

Azad’s Role in the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA)

Chandra Shekhar Azad became an active member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary organization committed to overthrowing British rule through armed resistance. He collaborated with other prominent figures like Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Rajguru, collectively known as the “Lahore Conspiracy Group.”

The Kakori Train Robbery

In one of the most daring acts of defiance against the British authorities, Azad and his comrades orchestrated the Kakori train robbery on August 9, 1925. The aim was to fund the revolutionary activities and send a powerful message to the colonial rulers. The incident shook the British administration and elevated Azad’s status as a formidable revolutionary.

The Allahabad Encounter

Azad’s life took a decisive turn during the infamous “Alfred Park Incident” in Allahabad on February 27, 1931. Surrounded by the British police, rather than surrendering, he chose to fight valiantly and embraced martyrdom. His immortal words “Dushman Ki Goliyon Ka Ham Samna Karenge, Azad Hi Rahe Hain, Azad Hi Rahenge” (We will face the bullets of the enemy, we are free and will remain free) continue to inspire generations.

Ideology and Legacy

Chandra Shekhar Azad firmly believed in the principles of socialism and secularism. He envisioned an independent India free from communal disharmony and social inequalities. His dedication to the cause of the downtrodden and his unwavering commitment to the nation’s welfare earned him the title “Azad,” meaning “Free.”

Commemorating Azad’s Contributions

To honor the legacy of Chandra Shekhar Azad, numerous institutions, schools, and public places have been named after him across India. His birth anniversary, July 23rd, is celebrated with reverence as Azad Jayanti.

The story of Chandra Shekhar Azad has been immortalized in books, movies, and folk songs. These depictions serve as a reminder of his sacrifice and inspire people to uphold the values he fought for.

15 August Drawing of Chandra Shekhar Azad


Chandra Shekhar Azad’s life serves as an exemplary tale of courage, patriotism, and sacrifice. His contributions to India’s freedom struggle are etched in the annals of history, reminding us of the price paid for our nation’s independence. His ideals continue to resonate with the modern generation, urging them to work towards a united, inclusive, and progressive India.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What was Chandra Shekhar Azad’s real name?

Chandra Shekhar Azad’s real name is Chandrashekhar Tiwari.

2. What was the significance of the Kakori train robbery?

The Kakori train robbery aimed to fund revolutionary activities and challenge British authority.

3. How did Chandra Shekhar Azad embrace martyrdom?

Rather than surrendering, Chandra Shekhar Azad chose to fight the British police and embraced martyrdom in the “Alfred Park Incident.”

4. What were the ideals that Chandra Shekhar Azad believed in?

Chandra Shekhar Azad firmly believed in the principles of socialism and secularism.

5. How is Chandra Shekhar Azad commemorated today?

Numerous institutions, schools, and public places across India are named after Chandra Shekhar Azad, and his birth anniversary is celebrated as Azad Jayanti.

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